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Additional resources

 If you have any questions about vaccines, please talk to your GP, nurse or other healthcare professional.


Additional Resources

Childhood routine immunisation schedule

NHS website - Vaccinations and when to have them

NHS website - Why vaccination is safe and important

Vaccine Knowledge Project from the University of Oxford

Public Health England - ‘Immunisations up to one year of age’ information booklet

Yellow card scheme


Guide to Childhood Vaccination References ​ ​

1. World Health Organization Global Vaccine Safety Six common misconceptions about immunization  

2. World Health Organization 2019 Immunization ​ 

3. Ochmann & Roser 2020 Smallpox Published online at OurWorldInData.org ​ 

4. Number of cases in England 2016–2018 average:

​a) Diphtheria: Public Health England 2019 Diphtheria in England: 2018 Health Protection Report 13

b) Pertussis: Public Health England 2019 Laboratory confirmed cases of pertussis in England: Annual report for 2018 supplementary data tables

c) Measles: Public Health England Confirmed cases of measles, mumps and rubella in England and Wales: 1996 to 2018 (updated: Oct. 2019)

d) Hib (data only available 2017–2018): Public Health England 2019 Laboratory reports of Haemophilus influenzae by age group and serotype (England): 2018 Health Protection Report 13

e) MenC: Public Health England 2019 Invasive meningococcal disease in England: Annual report for 2018 to 2019 supplementary data tables   

5. World Health Organization 2019 Measles  

6. Public Health England 2017 Pertussis Green Book, Chapter 24 ​  

7. Public Health England 2017 Measles Green Book, Chapter 21 (updated: Dec. 2019) ​ 

8. NHS Digital 2019 Childhood Vaccination Coverage Statistics – England 2018–19   

9. University of Oxford, Vaccine Knowledge Project How vaccines are tested, licensed and monitored (updated Oct. 2018) ​  

10. University of Oxford, Vaccine Knowledge Project Vaccine ingredients (updated Aug. 2019) ​  

11. Mitkus et al. 2011 Updated aluminum pharmacokinetics following infant exposures through diet and vaccination Vaccine 28 9538–43 ​  

12. NHS Antacids (updated: Nov. 2019) ​ 

13. NHS The flu jab in pregnancy (updated: Sep. 2019) ​  

14. NHS Whooping cough vaccination in pregnancy (updated: Oct. 2019) ​ 

15. University of Oxford, Vaccine Knowledge Project Combination vaccines and multiple vaccinations (updated: Mar. 2018) ​ 

16. University of Oxford, Vaccine Knowledge Project FAQs about vaccines (updated: Jan. 2019) ​ 

17. Sadarangani, M. University of Oxford, Oxford Vaccine Group 2016 Herd Immunity: How does it work?   ​ 

18. NHS 2010 Ruling on doctor in MMR scare   

19. Demicheli et al. 2012 Vaccines for measles, mumps and rubella in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Art. no.: CD004407 ​  

20. World Health Organization Global Vaccine Safety 2003 MMR and autism  ​   

21. Hviid et al. 2019 Measles, mumps, rubella vaccination and autism: a nationwide cohort study Ann Intern Med 170 513–20 ​  

22. World Health Organization Global Vaccine Safety 2006 Statement on thiomersal   

23. European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products (EMEA) 2004 EMEA public statement on thiomersal in vaccines for human use – recent evidence supports safety of thiomersal-containing vaccines   

24. McKeever et al. 2004 Vaccination and allergic disease: a birth cohort study Am J Public Health 94 985–9 ​  

25. Offit & Hackett 2003 Addressing parents’ concerns: do vaccines cause allergic or autoimmune diseases? Pediatrics 111 653–9 ​  

26. Public Health England 2015 Vaccines and porcine gelatin


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